Sandals are a type of lightweight and fully ventilated footwear. A sandal is formed by a sole, usually without heel or with a tiny one that is fastened on the corresponding part of the foot by the straps.
History of the sandals
This clothing accessory has remained the most popular shoe item in Antiquity until today.Decorated, from leather, cloth or wood, the dozens of pairs of sandals from the collection of actress Jessica Alba, the heroine of the American film “The four fantastic”, are not much different from those worn by travelers and military personnel from Antiquity to the Middle Ages.
As early as 500,000 years ago, primitive forms of footwear protected the legs of stones and ridges. In the Spanish caves, drawings have been discovered for over 10,000 years, depicting people with legs covered with animal skins. The major disadvantage of this type of footwear was that the skinned skin deteriorated rapidly, so the sandals were not durable.
It is believed that sandals are the first shoes made after simple and practical patterns. There were two basic models. The first consisted of straps that ran between the toes, and the second, more sophisticated, had loops and holes on the sole of the sole, to be able to tie the toes. The sole of the sandal was made of any material, including leaves and wood.
In ancient Egypt, sandals were made of papyrus. Braided and dried, the leaf of this plant was used for both the sole of the sandal and the straps. The shape of the foot printed in the wet sand served as a cap. According to Herodotus, papyrus sandals were a mandatory and characteristic part of the clothing of Egyptian priests. The oldest pair of papyrus sandals kept to this day is at the British Museum and dates to approximately 1,500 BC.
Because jewelry was precious in ancient Egypt, the precious stones were even embedded in the footwear. The higher the position on the social ladder, the richer the sandals were in the precious stones and the scarab.
The gold sandals found in the Egyptian tombs do not seem very comfortable to wear. In Tutankhamun’s tomb were 93 pieces of footwear, including wooden sandals, painted with the faces of enemies or enemies on the soles, on which the king would step on each step. As historian W.M. Flinders Petrie, in his book “Kahun, Gurob and Hawara”, sandals were beautifully woven from the reed, usually with leather soles. One of the changes that occurred in everyday life during the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom was the increasing use of sandals, and those who used them most were soldiers and travelers. In the story “The Two Brothers,” Anubis set off on a journey in which, according to legend, he took his men and his sandals, his clothes and his weapons, and went to the Valley of the Pines.
Sandals were of importance that we miss today. They symbolized prosperity and authority. Tutmes III referred to the conquered countries and to the rest of the world, saying: “All the lands were under my sandals.” Among the oldest images of the dynastic period are images of the pharaoh’s sandal bearer. And for the sixth dynasty, in the autobiography of Weni, an important general and governor of Upper Egypt, the role of a sandal carrier was an important step in his career and he even mentions it twice with great pride. In India, the sandals were made of wood, and in China and Japan, straw rice.
The belt or belt has become the hallmark of this shoe. The Greeks, for example, preferred to spend this sandal strap over the thumb, the Romans, over the second, while the peoples of Mesopotamia, over the third. The Greeks made a distinction between sandals called basseae, made from willow leaves, walnuts and worn by comedians and philosophers, and cothurnus, a type of sandals that had straps raised to the middle of the foot and were worn by tragic actors, horsemen, hunters and aristocrats. . The sole of the latter type of footwear was thicker and had cork inserts, to raise the wearer’s stature and thus emphasize its social importance.
For The Romans, the most common type of footwear for the outside was calceus, a variant of Roman sandal that is still worn today. It covered the entire leg and was held tight by the use of leather laces. Crepida was another type of Roman sandal that covered the side and back of the foot and could be worn in many ways.
Two strips of material passed one after the big toe and the other over the foot, caught by a sole. Simple, comfortable and durable, the method of making this type of footwear known in history as the sandals of Jesus has not changed in the last 2,000 years. Handmade, made of ox leather, this clothing accessory is still sold in Jerusalem. Even before the advent of Christ, the Romans used this type of footwear to protect their feet.
The model of Jesus’ sandals has been taken over by modern shoe designers without altering it, but only improving it. Its features of simplicity and comfort have been preserved. Celebrities dressed in this type of sandals include American actresses Reese Witherspoon and Jessica Alba.
Even if the sandals are worn all year round to make a good impression on the red carpet, we can only now, when the sun raises the temperature, we can draw inspiration from the outfits presented at worldly events.
During the hot season, sandals are the most appreciated footwear items among women. They can be worn with light outfits, regardless of style, because the numerous models available on the market help us to match them with just about anything. The collections proposed by designers bring to the fore heeled sandals reminiscent of the period of the ’60s-’70s, composed of several bars that support walking and a massive heel meant to develop the leg muscles giving it a supple air.